So, you want to know how to type the copyright symbol, do ya? I don’t blame you. So very often photographers need to append copyright notices to their images. In doing so, you can, of course, use a ‘C’ between two brackets, like: (C). But, that just looks rank-amateur, don’t you think? Of course, you could also just type out “Copyright”, followed by your name and/or date. But, again, that doesn’t look nearly as good as the ever-so-slick ©. Does it? The © symbol looks especially sleek if followed by roman numerals. Wouldn’t you agree?
(C)2015 vs. ©MMXV ? I mean, c’mon! The later is ALL business, no?
Without a doubt, photographers usually have a need for the copyright symbol more than they do any other special ASCII character. But, not everyone knows how to type the copyright symbol.
It’s actually pretty simple. On any computer running windows, simply hold down your ‘Alt’ key and, while keeping the alt-key depressed, on the number-pad (or keypad as some call it) type the numbers 0169. And, that’s about it. If you do that, you should see the copyright symbol © pop-up wherever your cursor is located on your screen.
There’s just a couple of notes to consider: One, obviously, is that this will only place a copyright symbol where text is able to be placed. Also, on some keyboards, you may need to make sure that “numbers lock”, or “num lock” is either on or off. On some keyboards it seems to work whether numbers-lock is on or not. But, I’ve have keyboards where it needed to be on for it to work, and other keyboards where it would only work if the numbers lock was off. So, try it out on your keyboard. If it doesn’t work, toggle your numbers-lock and it should then work. Along with that, some compressed keyboards found on certain laptops will require you to press a function key in order to type the © symbol using this method. On such keyboards you’ll usually have to press your alt-key, then press the function key which allows you to access your number keys, then type in 0169.
How to type the copyright symbol on a Mac is even a little easier. On a Mac, simply press and hold your ‘option’ key and, while it’s depressed, simply hit ‘g’ on your keyboard. And, viola!
Of course, when typing the copyright symbol in this fashion, the symbol is just displayed as a normal font. So, the font you’re using will need to have that symbol coded into it. If it doesn’t, you’ll likely get a missing character symbol, or a blank space, instead of the copyright symbol. However, most professional fonts do have the copyright symbol included. But, if you have free fonts installed, or even some commercial decorative fonts, the font you’re using might be missing that symbol. If you do get a blank space, or a little box symbol, when trying to type the copyright symbol, simply change the font to a different one and it should pop-up. And, since the symbol is displayed as a regular font, you can, of course, manipulate it the same way you can manipulate any character from a font-set. You can increase or decrease the font size to make it bigger or smaller. Or, if the particular font you’re using will allow it, you can make it bold, or italic, or what have you.
Now… about those Roman Numerals. If you don’t know how to read and write Roman Numerals, but you’d like to use them, here’s some quick and dirty help. Here are the roman numerals for this, and some upcoming, years:
- 2015 = MMXV
- 2016 = MMXVI
- 2017 = MMXVII
- 2018 = MMXVIII
- 2019 = MMXIX
- 2020 = MMXX
- 2021 = MMXXI
- 2022 = MMXXII
- 2023 = MMXXIII
- 2024 = MMXXIV
- 2025 = MMXXV
There’s the next ten years worth — that should get you through for a while.
In Roman Numerals:
- I = 1
- V = 5
- X = 10
- L = 50
- C = 100
- M = 1,000
Counting from 1 to 10 looks like this:
I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X
When forming roman numerals remember that no single symbol can appear more than three times in a row, and numbers are read in groups of no more than four characters. So, I = 1, II = 2, III = 3, but you can’t have IIII for 4, because the ‘I’ character would appear more than three times in a row. So, the symbol for 4 is IV — which reads as ‘one before five’, or ‘one less than five’, which is 4. Likewise, the symbol for, say, 30 is XXX. But, 40 isn’t XXXX, because that would be the X symbol more than three times in a row. So, the symbol for 40 is XL. Or, ten less than fifty.
If you’ve got a long string of numbers, such as in a year, you can use these rules to decipher them. So, the year, let’s say: MMXXXVII Can you guess what that is?
One M is one-thousand, two Ms together means two-thousand, so we already know it’s two-thousand and something. Then there’s one X, which mean 10 — we’re up to two-thousand and ten, but there’s another X, so two-thousand and twenty — one more X and we’re at two-thousand and thirty. Next there’s a V, so we’re at two-thousand and thirty-five, then an I, brings us up to two-thousand and thirty-six, and one last I, which takes us to two-thousand and thirty seven. MMXXXVII = 2037.